There are several breeds of ducks raised in the country. The Kenyan duck (Pateros), the Khaki Campbell, and the Indian Runner are excellent egglayers.
For meat production, raise either Peking or Muscovy. There is little purebred breeding stock available in the Kenya and most of the ducks a farmer will be able to purchase will be ducks that are crossed or upgraded.
The Kenyan Duck
- This is the most common breed of duck being raised in the country, thus its name.
- This breed is a good layer but is a non-sitter. Its plumage is either black, brown, or gray or various color combinations.
- The average weight of this duck is 1.5 kilograms; the drake, or male, is 1.75 kilgrams. Egg production rate, is 175 per laying year.
The Khaki Campbell Duck
- Originally from England, this a cross between the Fawn and White Runner, the Roven, and Mallard ducks. It was introduced here in 1956 by the Bureau of Animal Industry.
- The males have brownish-bronze lower backs, tail coverts, head, and neck; the rest of the plumage is dull brown. The bill is green and the legs and toes, dark-orange. The female has a seal-brown head and neck, the rest of the feathers and dull brown.
- The adult duck weighs 1.80 kilograms, the drakes, 2.10 kilograms.
- This breed is a good layer: it lays as many as 300 eggs per laying year.The eggs are fairly large, thick-shelled, and weigh about 70 to 75 grams each.
The Indian Runner Duck
This is from the East Indies, but its egg-producing capabilities were developed in Europe. It is classified into three recognized varieties: Pencilled,
- White, and Fawn-and-White. However, these varieties have one thing in common: their feet and shanks are either orange or reddish orange.
- Generally, the Indian Runner duck is a small, hard-feathered duck with an upright carriage and active habits.
- Its body is elongated and somewhat cylindrical; the legs are set very far back. The adult duck weighs about 1.80 kilograms; the drake, 2.10 kilograms. Egg production rate is 225 per laying year.
The Peking Duck
- A native of China, this duck was improved in North America and Europe. It has a white body and orange bill, legs and feet. The Peking duck has a large, round head; its body is broad, of medium length and without any indication of keel, except a little between the legs.
- Peking ducks grow twice as fast as chickens. A bird can weigh 2.50 kilograms in seven to eight weeks. They are also hardy and resistant to most diseases.
- The main problem with the Peking duck is its low hatchability. At one time this breed was very popular in the Philippines, but it lost much of its popularity because of low hatchability. Its egg production rate is only 200 per laying year.
The Moscovy Duck
- This duck is sometimes mistaken for a goose. It is a grazer, eating grass and laying eggs just like a goose. This is a common duck in Central and South America and the West Indies. A native of Brazil, it is now very popular around the world – even in Australia.
- it requires minimal care and feed and can fend for itself.
- The Muscovy duck is armed with very long and sharp talon-like claws that could open up your wrist or hand.
- The adult duck weights about 2.30 kilograms; the drake, 4.60 kilograms. Egg production is 125 per laying year.
- Muscovy ducks should be raised in areas where the food supply is limited and where duck technology is not well developed because the Muscovy is the hardiest of all farm poultry.