Turkeys are not classified into breeds, however seven standard varieties are available, Bronze, White Holland, Bourbon red, Narragansett, Black, Slate, Beltsville small white.
Board breasted bronze:
The basic plumage color is black and not bronze.
The females have black breast feathers with white tips, which help in sex determination as early as 12 weeks of age.
Board breasted white:
This is a cross between Board breasted bronze and White Holland with white feathers. This variety was developed at the Cornell University. White plumage turkeys seems to be suitable in hot areas and also good and clean in appearance after dressing.
Beltsville small white:
This variety was developed at Agricultural University Research Station, Beltsville, USA. It closely resembles the Board breasted white in color and shape but smaller in size. Egg production, fertility and hatchability tend to be higher and broodiness tends to be lower than heavy varieties.
Tom Adult male turkey
Hem Adult female turkey
Poult Young one of turkey
Snood or Dew bill The fleshy protuberance near the base of the beck
Caruncles The fleshy protuberance on the head and neck usually pink or red in color
Dewlap A large flap skin seen immediately below the chim
Bread A tuft of hair attached to the skin of the upper chest region
Strut Mating behavior of male turkey
Poults should be debeaked to control feather picking and cannibalism. Debeaking can be done at day old or 3-5 weeks of age. Remove the beak at about one half the distance from nostril to the tip of the beak.
Removal of the snood or dewbill is to prevent the head injuries from picking and fighting. At the day old the snood can be removed by shumbnail or finger pressure. At 3 weeks of age it can be cut off close to the head with sharp scissors.
Detoeing or toe clipping:
Clipping is done at day old by removing the tip of the toe just to the inside of the outer most toe pad including the entire toenail.