The meat of turkey has nutritional and sensorial properties which make it almost ideal raw material for rational and curative nutrition. The turkey can produce 30gm of digestible protein from 100gm feed. The dressing percentage of turkey is 80-87%, which is highest of all farm species.
• The body weight of tom and hen turkey at the 16th week is 7.26 kg and 5.53kg. This is optimum weight for marketing the turkeys.
• The cumulative feed efficiency at the marketing should be 1:2.8 for toms and 1:2.7 for hens.
A market study shows that a male turkey sold at 24 weeks of age weighing 10 to 20 kg with expenditure of ksh 300/kg to 450 will give a profit of Ksh. 500/kg to 600. Likewise a female will give a profit of ksh.300/kg to 400 in a span of 24 weeks time. Besides, the turkey can be reared in scavenging and semi-scavenging conditions also.
Economic Parameters in Turkey Farming
Male – Female ratio 1:5
Average egg weight 65gms
Average day old poult weight 50gms
Age at sexual maturity 30weeks
Average egg number 80 -100
Incubation Period 28 days
Egg production period 24 weeks
Male 14 -15 weeks
Female 17 – 18 weeks
Male 7.5 kg
Female 5.5 kg
Food efficiency 2.7 -2.8
Average feed consumption upto marketable age
Male 24 -26 kg
Female 17 – 19 kg
Mortality during brooding period 3-4%