Category Archives: Poultry Farming

Poultry farming business in Kenya is very profitable but needs to be done by the book to realize this profit. The Beginner’s Guide to Improved Kienyeji and Exotic Chicken Farming in Kenya covers improved kienyeji chicken farming, layers, broilers and general poultry production.

The Beginner’s Guide to Improved Kienyeji and Exotic Chicken Farming in Kenya focuses on providing information, tips and advice to help you start and operate a profitable chicken raring business in Kenya

Some of most important topics we cover in this African Poultry Guide include:

  • Chicken breed
  • Types of housing
  • Housing enviroments and locations
  • General conditions for housing
  • Housing equipments, drinkers, feeders nests and lighting
  • Types of watering systems
  • types of feeding systems
  • Feed compositionkienyeji chicken farming manual
  • Nutrients requirements
  • Feeding methods
  • How to feed poultry
  • How to make your own feeds
  • Feed formulations
  • diseases their cause
  • vaccination programs for broilers and layers
    Poultry hygine
  • Hatching chickes
  • Brooding and raising chickes
  • poultry management
  • poultry products including egg,meat,manure and wastes
  • Poultry farm records
  • culling
  • debeaking
  • vaccination
  • feed consumption and administration
  • cost and revenue estimation of layers
  • income estimation of broilers and Kienyeji 

and many more here. The guide costs ksh 700. Call 0727087285 to order


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Chicken cages in kenya with a capacity of 120 birds per unit. Come with all water accessories and fixtures for addition of Manure scrapper and feed cart which are optional. Warranty is 1 years, rust free.

  • Automated controlled system
  • High rearing efficiency
  • Designed for rearing and growing
  • Floor saving and cost efficient
  • Easy maintenance and operation

1. automatic drinking nipple

chicken cages in Kenya

automatic drinkers

Automatic drinkers ensure efficient utilization of water. it also reduces labour and prevents poultry diseases from spreading



2. chicken feeding trough

long working life, good ability of anti pressure , good elasticity , strong heat resistance.

feeding trough



3. automatic water voltage regulator

with the regulator, you can adjust the water pressure to  meet the chicken water needs. it is very convenient and can reduce the cost .












Get The Beginner’s Guide to Improved Kienyeji and Exotic Chicken Farming in Kenya for only ksh 700. Call 0727087285


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kenbro chicken breed in Kenya

Poultry general management and feeding

Feeding Birds need feeds that give the necessary elements for body functions, including growth, and egg and meat production. This is a requirement that the free-range production system does not meet adequately. To attain a balanced diet, itRead More…

Diseases may be defined as illness of one or more of the body organs or tissues, caused by pathogens or germs. Germs (virus, bacteria) and protozoa are classified according to size. Parasites, though not germs, can cause ill health. The significance of a disease depends on the rate of infection or infestation and the number of birds that die. Death rates depend on age and nutritional status.

Protozoa such as Emiria tenella (coccidia) are larger than bacteria hence more easily visible by microscope. Outbreaks of protozoan diseases are an indication of poor sanitation and hygiene.
Prevention and control
Vaccination and isolation of healthy birds from sick ones and proper disposal of dead birds can prevent diseases.
Vaccination is the use of mild, live or inactivated infective agent (virus or bacteria) to stimulate production of antibodies to a specific infective agent. Antibodies are chemical substances produced within the host body.

They recognise and destroy the virus or bacteria used during vaccination before onset of disease. Vaccines are prepared from the same virus or bacteria that cause the disease to be vaccinated against. They are sensitive to heat, pH (acidity) and therefore should be handled following manufacturers’ instructions


Vaccination programmes
Vaccination for indigenous chicken in a free-range system depends on age, disease incidence, severity and status of endemic diseases.










turkeys &




Depression, poor appetite, coughing

and difficult breathing, diarrhoea,

nervous signs, twisted neck

and death in large numbers in a

short time


Antibiotics to

control secondary




Chickenand turkeys

All but


at point

of lay

Spreading eruption on comb, wattle

nose & other featherless parts,

poor appetite/egg production, depression.

Deaths may result in






Chicks/growers: Depression, huddling,

poor appetite, coughing,

gasping/difficult breathing, death.

Adult: Coughing/noisy breathing,

few eggs laid/with soft shells




and turkeys


Depression, coughing, discharge

from eyes/nostrils, swollen face,

poor sight and feeding, nervous

signs and diarrhoea

Destroy sick




2-6 wk

Depression, poor appetite, unsteady

walk, pecking at vent and


Control by


Bacterial diseases

diseases that can be prevented through good hygiene and treated using antibiotics
such as Tetracycline.
Salmonella. There are 3 types of infection caused by the Salmonella microorganism.
These are pullorum disease, fowl typhoid disease and salmonellosis.

Pullorum disease caused by sub-species S. pullorum is fatal in chicks. It is transmitted from hen to chicks during egg formation, contamination of eggs at laying or the chicks are infected from faeces. Symptoms include dead embryo in eggs that do not hatch, chicks develop wet vents (tail) within the 1st week, whitish diarrhoea, huddling and difficulty in breathing. Mortality can reach 100% in the 1st 2 weeks.
Fowl typhoid is caused by the species S. gallinarum and is severe in growers and adult birds. It is spread by contamination of feed and water by faecal matter from infected birds. Symptoms include drop in egg production, egg fertility and hatchability, anorexia and dullness followed by sudden death.

Salmonellosis is caused by any other Salmonella species. It is severe in both chicks and adult birds. It is spread by contamination of eggs at laying or to both chicks and adults through contaminated feed, water and faeces. Symptoms include drop in egg production, egg fertility and hatchability, anorexia and dullness followed by sudden death.

Sanitation, and eggs and nest fumigation using formaldehyde pellets in the nest can prevent it. Broad-spectrum antibiotics such as sulphur drugs can control infections. Control is by vaccination

Collibacillosis is acute in chicks and chronic in adult chicken. It is transmitted through eggs to chicks and through contaminated faeces, feed and water to both adult birds and chicks. Symptoms include respiratory distress, diarrhoea and high mortality in chicks while those in embryonic infection include dead embryos in spoiled eggs. It can be avoided by maintaining standard egg sanitation and using broad-spectrum antibiotics such as sulphur and tetracycline to treat and to reduce transmission. It can be controlled by vaccinating with bacterin.

Infectious Coryza can be acute, mild or chronic. It is spread by faecal matter, aerosols or through contaminated feed and water. Symptoms include swollen watery eyes, nasal discharge, laboured breathing and drop in egg production. It can be prevented by vaccinating with bacterin in water at 10-12 weeks and 16-18 weeks. All clinically ill birds should be destroyed.















Severe in

chicks up

to 3



in adults

Dejection, ruffle

feathers, dosing,

huddle together in

chicks, poor appetite,

thirst, soiled vents, and

high deaths




drugs (SDime)





4-8 wk

Coughing, sneezing,

dejection, poor

appetite, poor growth



and Sulphur





Swollen face, sneezing

and difficult breathing,

loss of condition, low

egg production and

variable death


 Parasitic diseases
Parasites are organisms that live on others without benefit to the host and include worms living in the opening of organs, and lice and fleas on the external. The parasites may cause diseases, weakening the system so that other disease-causing agents thrive or transmit diseases. Worms are internal parasites that inhabit the alimentary canal and other internal organs such as provendriculus, gizzards, trachea, lungs. There are 2 groups of worms, round worms and flat worms

Round worms Ascridia galli infects both chicks and adult chicken. Eggs are laid by female worms in birds’ intestines and are passed out in droppings. They mature in one week or more after which they may be swallowed up by chicken, hatch and cause fresh infection. Clinical signs include slow growth (stunted), culled feathers and drooping head, thirst, low egg production and death due to intestinal obstruction
in young birds. Due to their feeding habits, it is difficult to prevent this condition in scavenging chicken.

Gape worms Syngamus treachea roundworms infect the trachea (windpipe) of chicken. Adult worms live and lay eggs in the birds’ trachea; the eggs may be coughed out or into the oesophagus and swallowed in which case the hen passes the eggs in stool. The eggs hatch to larvae which infect chicken or enter simple
carriers (intermediate hosts) such as beetles and earthworms. Symptoms include difficulty in breathing and gasping for air, hence the term gapeworm, culling and huddling and death due to suffocation. The condition can be controlled by giving Thiabendazole or Gapex in drinking water.
Tape worm Raillietina tetragona infests scavenging chicken. The worms pass eggs either as free eggs or retained in a segment. Intermediate hosts such as beetles and snails ingest the eggs or segments. The eggs develop in the host and in turn infect chicken that feed on the intermediate hosts. Symptoms include stunting, thirst, poor health, low egg production and death in young birds on poor diets. it is  prevented in scavenging chicken by using clean containers and drenching at 3- month intervals with Albendazole and Fenbendazole.

Isolation disposal of dead birds
Do not introduce new birds purchased from markets or given as gifts directly in to the flock. Keep them separate and observe them for at least one week. Sick birds should be confined away from the rest. Carcasses should be disposed of by burying at more than 3 feet underground

Viral diseases
Viruses are the smallest germs and cause incurable viral diseases. They should be
prevented by early vaccination.
Newcastle disease is the most economically important and the only notifiable disease in chicken. It is spread by sick birds, dogs, wild birds and man. Symptoms include respiratory stress, lack of appetite, diarrhoea, nervous symptoms and high mortality.

Sometimes death can be sudden without the symptoms  Chicken that reach the tertiary stage showing nervous symptoms may survive but will always show lack of nervous co-ordination. The only way to protect chicken is by early vaccination.

Fowl Pox is a chronic disease in adult birds but acute and fatal among chicks and growers. It is caused by Pox virus and transmitted by mosquito bites and mechanically through broken skin. Clinical symptoms include pimples or scabs on the birds’ combs wattle and eyelids, a watery discharge from eyes, difficulty
in breathing indicated by whizzing sound and loss of appetite. Mortality is low in adult chicken but high in chicks and growers. There is usually a drop in egg production in laying birds. The disease can be avoided by clearing bushes or controlled by vaccinating the chicken when they are 4 weeks old by wing web stab
using a needle. Follow this by examining the vaccination site after 7 days for reaction. Pox virus can survive for 10 years in the soil. Since infected chicken are predisposed to secondary infections, infected chicken should be covered with an antibiotic treatment.

Infectious bronchitis is a contagious disease, acute in chicks and chronic in adult birds. The disease is transmitted from sick birds through faeces, contamination of litter and by air. Symptoms in adults include sneezing and watery eyes, nasal discharge, wet droppings, poor egg shell with no death unless from secondary infection. Chicks gasp and cough, breath noisily, have watery eyes and nostrils, become depressed and huddle. Mortality can be as high as 25%. It is controlled by vaccinating with multiple serotype or covering with antibiotics during outbreaks.

Avian Influenza (Fowl plague) is an acute disease in chicken, ducks, turkeys and wild birds. It is transmitted through contaminated faeces, water and air. Symptoms include respiratory distress, sneezing, sinusitis (swollen head and face), emaciation and nervous disorder. Infected birds should be destroyed and the location of infection quarantined.

Infectious Bursa Disease (Gumboro) (Fig. 9) is common in hatcheries and birds are likely to be infected by the time they are acquired. It is spread through feed, water and faeces. It affects young chicken aged 2-6 weeks. It is rare in indigenous birds. Symptoms include diarrhoea, sleepiness and depression, ruffled feathers, and trembling of the head. Mortality is between 50 and 80%. The disease causes
immuno-supression, predisposing the bird to other infections. It can be controlled by vaccinating the chicken when they are 2-6 weeks old through drinking water.

Get eggs incubators from Ecochicks Poultry. Call us on 0727087285 or visit us at Terry House 2nd Flooor, Mfangano St, Next to KNUT House Nairobi.

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Lawyer turns passion for rare birds into lucrative venture

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Former fisherman hatches an idea for poultry business

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kenbro chicken breed in Kenya

Poultry farmers adopt improved indigenous breed of chicken

This comes against a backdrop of increased cost of production for broilers and layers variety, where 70 per cent of the expenditure emanates from feeds, according to the stakeholders. Kenbro, which belongs to Kenchic, was developedRead More…