Fowl pox is a viral disease that affects birds, especially chickens and turkeys. The virus that causes fowl pox is a member of the Avipoxvirus genus. The disease is usually mild, but in some cases, it can be severe and even fatal.
Fowl pox is primarily characterized by the formation of raised, wart-like growths on the bird’s skin, especially around the face, comb, and wattles. The growths can also appear on the bird’s feet, legs, and vent. In addition to the skin lesions, birds with fowl pox may also experience a decrease in egg production, respiratory symptoms, and decreased appetite.
Fowl pox is primarily spread through biting insects like mosquitoes and mites, as well as through direct contact with infected birds or contaminated equipment. There is no specific treatment for fowl pox, but the disease usually runs its course within 2-4 weeks, and affected birds typically recover fully. Vaccination is available for fowl pox, and it is usually recommended for commercial flocks or backyard poultry owners to prevent the spread of the disease.