Birds need feeds that give the necessary elements for body functions, including growth, and egg and meat production. This is a requirement that the free-range production system does not meet adequately. To attain a balanced diet, it is recommended that in addition to scavenging, a farmer should include protein supplements from one of the recommended cheap but quality sources. This can be provided either as a pre-mix or given through cafeteria system. Animals need carbohydrates for supply of energy and heat. In addition to kitchen waste, birds should be given feed rich in energy such as maize, millet, cassava,
sweetpotatoes and sorghum.
Proteins are body building blocks that are essential for growth and production. Feed birds on protein-rich non-conventional feed such as yeast, ‘Busaa’ waste (dregs [Machicha]), sunflower cake, heat-treated soya or ordinary beans, lucerne, peas,lupins, fishmeal (Omena), dried blood, rumen content, earthworms and termites. Termites are trapped by slightly watering leafy waste such as maize stover and rubbish collected from the compound and leaving them outside for 2 or 3 days.
Minerals are trace elements found in plant seeds and grate. Minerals such as calcium
that are important for bone and egg shell formation are found in fishmeal.
Vitamins are necessary for growth and reproduction. The rich, yellow pigment in the skin and egg yolk of indigenous chicken indicates presence of carotenoids from fresh vegetation such as grass and vegetables, the precursors of vitamin A.
Water is often not provided because farmers assume that the birds find it around the homestead. Birds drink water from ponds and open tins during the rains but it is better to give them clean and fresh water all the time at a specific place (Fig. 1). It is easy to medicate birds that drink from a central place.
Protective housing should be used in free-range poultry farming system to protect chicks from predators and bad weather. Several housing structures including the dome-shaped stick basket popular in western Kenya variably known as Lisera, Liuli or Osero which is ideal for daytime housing are found. Other alternatives include the stick-built Kiduli and standard poultry houses A good housing structure should be spacious, well lit, airy and dry, easy to clean, have perches for chicken to roost and protected from predators.
Cleaning and disinfecting
A chicken house should be decontaminated using fumes (fumigation) produced from chemicals such potassium permanganate and formaline to kill germs. The house must be tightly sealed so that the fumes remain in circulation for 18-24 h. These conditions are not possible for indigenous poultry houses. Contamination should be avoided by restricting entry into the house, quarantining all new chicken by separating them from the flock, keeping the house clean and wiping all surfaces with one part of jik in 3 parts of water. Keep non-concrete floors smooth by smearing regularly with cow dung and dusting with pesticides such as Sevin or Actelic to keep away vermin.
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Feed chopper/grinder machineDaily Equipments, Eggs incubators, General Equipments, Google Feed Machinery, Poultry Equipments
Feed chopper/grinder machine
4 in 1 animal feed making machine has the following functions
- Grinding maize, soyabeans, omena, bones, wheat,cassava and all other grains
- Napier grass, fodder,grass cutter, hay and silage chopper,
- Maize comb,bones, crusher
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264 egg cheap multi-functional incubator with fully automatic computer control systemEggs incubators, Google Feed incubators
264 egg cheap multi-functional incubator with fully automatic computer control system
It is suitable for the farmers and specialized households to incubate chickens, ducks and geese etc. Power on/cut: automatic control with power on; manual supervisory control with power cut.It can operate after power cut for 7 hours time;
Micro-computer controlled on temperature & humidity;Automatic egg turning, automatic alarm on temperature & humidity.Using the world popular microcomputer technology, intelligent computer digital display, precise in control system.
880 pieces of Chicken, crow, pigeon, pheasant, partridge,wild duck eggs.
630 pieces of Mandarin duck, turkey, peacock, duck eggs.
320 pieces of goose, wild goose eggs.SKU: ECO278
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528 chicken eggs automatic high quality cheap poultry incubator chick hatch machine528 eggs incubators, Eggs incubators, Google Feed incubators, popular incubators, Poultry Equipments
528 chicken eggs automatic high quality cheap poultry incubator chick hatch machine
The 528 eggs incubator has a hatch rate of over 99% with all parameters of incubation regulated digitally.
It’s a full automatic machine that turns the eggs by itself and self regulates and controls its internal working temperature,humidity and ventilation.Also fitted with an automatic water refill systemSKU: ECO254